The International Railway Association, UIC, in participation with SNCF, held the International Workshop “Weed control on Railways: What future for herbicides?” on 24 and 25 May 2016 at UIC HQs. This workshop followed the successful edition held on October 2013 in Coventry hosted by Network Rail. This event was organized by the UIC Sustainable Land Use Expert Network and focused on the latest issues at European level for the management of herbicides in Railways. Topics included the state of the art in weed control management, health regulatory framework, Health regulations, procedures for approval of active substances and marketed products, Alternative methods to chemical treatment, Traceability system & data management and impact of railway herbicides on the Environment. Speakers were invited to represent the major stakeholders, including UIC, CER, EFSA, National Chemical Authorities, Environmental Agencies and Chemical Suppliers. G&G Ltd and main partner Weedfree S.P.L.R also participated on the event. Moreover, the G&G technology used in Belgium and Sweden, presented by the speakers was announced as an example to follow by anyone who welcomes innovative, sustainable, environmental friendly improvements on this field.